Romanticism: This is a movement in the  late 18th century that came as a response to the industrialisation in the enlightenment period. It is used to identify such works that carry a great emphasis on emotions, the individual self and the relations with nature. It has nothing to do with romance as one would think. It instead dwells on the intensity of emotions and the rapturous effect of nature.

The movement is parked by the influence of  the German "Sturm und Drang" ( a mid-18th century philosophical movement that dwelt on extremity of emotions and free expression). However, Wordsworth's 1798 "Lyrical Ballad" is considered to be a major work that paved way for Romanticism, particularly in British literature. The publication was a combination of some of the finest works of Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge. The longest poem in the volume is Coleridge's "Rime of the ancient Mariner". E. Allan Poe and Nathaniel Hawthorne use this style.